An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol. Alcoholic beverages are divided into three general classes: beers, wines, and spirits. They are legally consumed in most countries, and over 100 countries have laws regulating their production, sale, and consumption. In particular, such laws specify the minimum age at which a person may legally buy or drink them. This minimum age varies between 16 and 25 years, depending upon the country and the type of drink.
Alcoholic beverageAlcoholAlcoholic beveragesIARC Group 1 carcinogensFermented beveragesDrug culture
A distilled beverage, spirit, or liquor is an alcoholic beverage containing ethanol that is produced by distilling ethanol produced by means of fermenting grain, fruit, or vegetables. This excludes undistilled fermented beverages such as beer, wine, and cider. The term hard liquor is used in North America to distinguish distilled beverages from undistilled ones (implicitly weaker).
Distilled beverageDistilled beveragesAlcoholDistillation
Alcohol intoxication (also known as drunkenness or inebriation) is a physiological state that occurs when a person has a high level of ethanol (alcohol) in his or her blood. Common symptoms of alcohol intoxication include slurred speech, euphoria, impaired balance, loss of muscle coordination, flushed face, vomiting, reddened eyes, reduced inhibition, and erratic behavior. In severe cases, it can cause coma or death.
Alcohol intoxicationAlcohol abuseDrinking cultureSubstance intoxication
Rum-running, also known as bootlegging, is the illegal business of transporting alcoholic beverages where such transportation is forbidden by law. Smuggling is usually done to circumvent taxation or prohibition laws within a particular jurisdiction. The term rum-running is more commonly applied to smuggling over water; bootlegging is applied to smuggling over land.
Rum-runningOrganized crime activitySmugglingWater transportProhibition in the United StatesProhibition in CanadaProhibitionPirates
Moonshine (meaning illicit distillation, also called white lightning, mountain dew, hooch, "Tennessee white whiskey", and many other names) is an illegally produced distilled beverage. The word is believed to derive from early English smugglers and illegal Appalachian distillers who clandestinely (i.e. , by the light of the moon) produced and distributed whiskey.
MoonshineCrimesDistilled beveragesIllegal occupationsWhisky
An excise or excise tax (sometimes called a duty of excise special tax) is commonly referred to as an inland tax on the sale, or production for sale, of specific goods; or, more narrowly, as a tax on a good produced for sale, or sold, within a country or licenses for specific activities. Excises are distinguished from customs duties, which are taxes on importation. Excises are inland taxes, whereas customs duties are border taxes.
Woolworths is the largest supermarket/grocery store chain in Australia, owned by Woolworths Limited.
Woolworths (supermarket)Companies established in 1924Supermarkets of AustraliaWoolworths Limited
Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
The Eighteenth Amendment (Amendment XVIII) of the United States Constitution established prohibition in the United States. The separate Volstead Act set down methods of enforcing the Eighteenth Amendment, and defined which "intoxicating liquors" were prohibited, and which were excluded from prohibition (e.g. , for medical and religious purposes).
Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution1919 in the United StatesProhibition in the United StatesAmendments to the United States ConstitutionUnited States repealed legislation1919 in lawProhibitionHistory of the United States (1918–1945)
Alcohol abuse, as described in the DSM-IV, is a psychiatric diagnosis describing the recurring use of alcoholic beverages despite negative consequences. Alcohol abuse is sometimes referred to by the less specific term alcoholism. However, many definitions of alcoholism exist, and only some are compatible with alcohol abuse.
Alcohol abuseAlcoholAlcohol abuse
Alcohol proof is a measure of how much alcohol is contained in an alcoholic beverage. The term was originally used in the United Kingdom and was defined as 7/4 times the alcohol by volume (ABV). The UK now uses the ABV standard instead of alcohol proof. In the United States, alcoholic proof is defined as twice the percentage of ABV.
Alcohol proofAlcohol measurement
Lye is a corrosive alkaline substance, commonly sodium hydroxide or historically potassium hydroxide. Previously, lye was among the many different alkalis leached from hardwood ashes. Today lye is commercially manufactured using a membrane cell method. Solid dry lye is commonly available as flakes, pellets, microbeads, and coarse powder. It is also available as solution, often dissolved in water.
LyeSoapsHousehold chemicalsBasesDesiccantsDeliquescent substancesSodium compoundsHydroxides
Amniotic fluid or liquor amnii is the nourishing and protecting liquid contained by the amniotic sac of a pregnant woman.
Amniotic fluidEmbryologyDevelopmental biologyPregnancyBody fluidsObstetrics
Malt liquor is a North American term referring to a type of beer with high alcohol content. In legal statutes, the term often includes any alcoholic beverage not lower than 5% alcohol by volume made with malted barley. In common parlance, however, it is used for high-alcohol beers (6-7% and more) or beer-derived mixes made with ingredients and processes resembling those in American-style lager.
Malt liquorBeer styles
A liquor license is a permit to sell alcoholic beverages.
Liquor licenseLicensesAlcohol law
Alcoholic beverage control state
Alcoholic beverage control states, generally called control states, are 19 states in the United States that have state monopoly over the wholesaling and/or retailing of some or all categories of alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits.
Alcoholic beverage control stateAlcohol law in the United StatesAlcohol-related listsAlcohol monopolies
Uranium trioxide (UO3), also called uranyl oxide, uranium(VI) oxide, and uranic oxide, is the hexavalent oxide of uranium. The solid may be obtained by heating uranyl nitrate to 400 °C. Its most commonly encountered polymorph, γ-UO3, is a yellow-orange powder.
Uranium trioxideOxidesUranyl compounds
Alcohol advertising is the promotion of alcoholic beverages by alcohol producers through a variety of media. Along with tobacco advertising, it is one of the most highly-regulated forms of marketing. Some or all forms of alcohol advertising is banned in some countries. Scientific research, health agencies and universities have, over decades, been able to demonstrate a correlation between alcohol beverage advertising and alcohol consumption.
Alcohol advertisingAdvertising by productAlcoholDrunk drivingAlcohol law
Baijiu, or shaojiu is a Chinese distilled alcoholic beverage. The name baijiu literally means "white liquor," "white alcohol" or "white spirits". Baijiu is often translated as "wine" or "white wine". However, it is actually a distilled liquor, generally about 40-60% alcohol by volume (ABV).
BaijiuDistilled beveragesChinese alcoholic beverages
Alcohol licensing laws of the United Kingdom
Licensing laws of the United Kingdom regulate the sale and consumption of alcohol, with separate legislation for England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland being passed, as necessary, by the UK parliament, the Northern Ireland Assembly, and the Scottish Parliament respectively. Throughout the United Kingdom, the sale of alcohol is restricted—pubs, restaurants, shops and other premises must be licensed by the local authority.
Alcohol licensing laws of the United KingdomAlcohol law in the United KingdomPublic houses in the United KingdomDrinking culture
Chinese alcoholic beverages
Jiu is the Chinese as a single word (or as part of a compound word) refers to a drink or beverage containing ethanol.
Chinese alcoholic beveragesRice wineChinese alcoholic beverages
Chocolate liquor (cocoa liquor) is pure chocolate in its liquid form. Like the cocoa beans (nibs) from which it is produced, it contains both cocoa solids and cocoa butter in roughly equal proportion. It is produced from cocoa beans that have been fermented, dried, roasted, and separated from their skins. The beans are ground into cocoa mass (cocoa paste).
A sin tax is a kind of sumptuary tax: a tax specifically levied on certain generally socially proscribed goods and services, for example alcohol and tobacco, candies, soft drinks, fast foods, coffee, and gambling.
Sin taxPersonal taxes
Safeway was the trading name used by Woolworths Limited until 2008 for its supermarkets in Victoria, Australia. Elsewhere in Australia the trading name is Woolworths. In August 2008, Woolworths announced the discontinuation of the Safeway name, and has since gradually rebranded Victorian stores as Woolworths.
Safeway (Australia)Companies disestablished in 2008Defunct supermarketsCompanies based in MelbourneDefunct retail companies of AustraliaSafeway Inc.Woolworths LimitedCompanies established in 1963Supermarkets of Australia
In industrial chemistry, black liquor is the spent cooking liquor from the kraft process when digesting pulpwood into paper pulp removing lignin, hemicelluloses and other extractives from the wood to free the cellulose fibers. The equivalent spent cooking liquor in the sulfite process is usually called brown liquor, but the terms red liquor, thick liquor and sulfite liquor are also used.
Black liquorPulp and paper industryBiofuelsPapermaking
Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board
The Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board (PLCB) is an independent government agency that manages the beverage alcohol industry in Pennsylvania. It is responsible for licensing the possession, sale, storage, transportation, importation, and manufacture of wine, spirits, and malt or brewed beverages in the Commonwealth, as well as operating a system of liquor distribution (retailing) and providing education about the harmful effects of alcohol consumption.
Pennsylvania Liquor Control BoardState agencies of PennsylvaniaGovernment agencies established in 1933State alcohol agencies of the United StatesAlcohol monopolies
An alcohol monopoly is a government monopoly on manufacturing and/or retailing of some or all alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine and spirits. It can be used as an alternative for total prohibition. They exist in all Nordic countries except mainland Denmark (only on the Faroe Islands), and in all provinces and territories in Canada (except Alberta which privatized its monopoly in 1993).
Alcohol monopolyAlcohol monopolies
Huangjiu (黃酒, literally "yellow" wine, liquor or alcohol) is a type of Chinese beverage brewed directly from grains such as rice, millet, or wheat using a jiuqu starter culture. Unlike baijiu, such liquors are not distilled, and contain less than 20% alcohol, due to the inhibition of fermentation by ethanol at that concentration. These wines are traditionally pasteurized, aged, and filtered before their final bottling for sale to consumers.
HuangjiuTypes of beerRice drinksChinese wineChinese alcoholic beveragesFermented beverages
Pickling is a metal surface treatment used to remove impurities, such as stains, inorganic contaminants, rust or scale from ferrous metals, copper, and aluminum alloys. A solution called pickle liquor, which contains strong acids, is used to remove the surface impurities. It is commonly used to descale or clean steel in various steelmaking processes.
Flavored liquors (also called infused liquors) are alcoholic beverages that have added flavoring and, in some cases, a small amount of added sugar. They are distinct from liqueurs in that liqueurs have a large sugar content and may also contain glycerine. Flavored liquors may have a base of vodka or white rum, both of which have little taste of their own, or they may have a tequila or brandy base. Typically, a fruit extract and, in some cases, sugar syrup are added to the base spirit.
Flavored liquorDistilled beverages
Korean alcoholic beverages
Korean culture has a great variety of traditional alcoholic beverages, most of which are called by the Sino-Korean term ju.
Korean alcoholic beveragesDistilled beveragesKorean distilled beveragesImportant Intangible Cultural Properties of South KoreaFermented beverages
Oregon Liquor Control Commission
The Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) is a government agency of the U.S. state of Oregon. The OLCC was created by an act of the Oregon Legislative Assembly in 1933, days after the repeal of prohibition, as a means of providing control over the distribution, sales and consumption of alcoholic beverages. To this end, the agency was given the authority to regulate and license those who manufacture, sell or serve alcohol.
Oregon Liquor Control CommissionState law enforcement agencies of OregonArticle Feedback 5Alcohol monopoliesState agencies of OregonState alcohol agencies of the United States
A hip flask is a thin flask for holding a distilled beverage; its size and shape are suited to a trouser pocket.
Hip flaskPackagingDrinking culture
American Whiskey Trail
The American Whiskey Trail is an initiative of the Distilled Spirits Council of the United States that promotes the history and cultural heritage of distilled beverages in the United States.
American Whiskey TrailHistoric trails and roads in the United StatesAlcohol in the United StatesDrinking culture
Colt 45 (malt liquor)
Colt 45 is a brand of malt liquor introduced by National Brewing Company in the spring of 1963. Through a series of mergers and acquisitions, the National Brewing Company and its brands (including Colt 45) are today owned by the Pabst Brewing Company. Colt 45 is available today in a multitude of packages and sizes. Cans are available in 12, 16 and 24 ounce packages and bottles are available in 7, 12, 16, 18, 22, 32 and 40 ounce packages.
Colt 45 (malt liquor)American beer brands1963 introductions
Alcohol laws of New York
The alcohol laws of New York are among the most lenient of any state in the Atlantic Northeast of the United States, but they remain considerably more restrictive than those of Louisiana, Missouri, Nevada, Illinois, New Mexico, and Arizona.
Alcohol laws of New YorkControlled substances in New YorkAlcohol law in the United StatesNew York law
Kaoliang jiu (literally "sorghum liquor"; often called simply kaoliang or sorghum wine) is a strong distilled liquor, made from fermented sorghum (which is called gāoliáng in Chinese). It is made and sold in both mainland China and Taiwan, and also popular in Korea, where it is called goryangju. Kaoliang is an important product of the islands Kinmen and Matsu which are under the jurisdiction of Taiwan. Kaoliang ranges between 38 and 63 percent alcohol by volume.
KaoliangDistilled beveragesTaiwanese cuisineChinese alcoholic beverages
Chinese wineChinese wineChinese alcoholic beverages
Korn is a German colorless spirit that is usually made from fermented rye but may also be made from corn, barley, or wheat. Korn differs from vodka in that it is less rigorously filtered, which leaves more of the cereal taste in the finished spirit. Korn is the cheapest kind of spirit available in Germany, which has given it a somewhat dubious reputation. Nonetheless, it is very popular, especially in northern Germany.
Korn (spirit)Distilled beveragesGerman cuisineGerman distilled beverages
Minister charged with the administration of The Liquor Control Act (Manitoba)
The Minister charged with the administration of The Liquor Control Act is a government position in the province of Manitoba, Canada. It is not a full portfolio, and has always been held by ministers with other cabinet responsibilities. The Minister responsible for the Liquor Control Act has political responsibility for overseeing the Manitoba Liquor Control Commission. The current minister is Greg Selinger.
Minister charged with the administration of The Liquor Control Act (Manitoba)Manitoba ministers
Corn whiskey is an American liquor made from a mash made of at least 80 percent corn. It is based on the typical American moonshine, since illicit whiskey was usually made with corn for the mash (often with some sugar), and it certainly was not aged, going straight from the still to the bottles. The whiskey is typically run off to high proof and cut to not less than 40 percent alcohol by volume.
Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission
The Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC, formerly the Texas Liquor Control Board) was created in 1935. The TABC has the task of inspecting, supervising and regulating every phase of business related to alcoholic beverages. The agency is headquartered in the 5806 Mesa Drive building in Austin. In addition to their regulatory roles, TABC agents are fully empowered state police officers with state-wide criminal jurisdiction and may make arrests for any offense. See Cortez v.
Texas Alcoholic Beverage CommissionState alcohol agencies of the United StatesGovernment agencies established in 1935State law enforcement agencies of Texas
Alcohol laws are laws in relation to the manufacture, use, influence and sale of alcoholic beverages.
Alcohol lawAlcohol law
Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission
The Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission (or AGLC) is an agent of the Government of the Canadian province of Alberta, and regulates alcoholic beverage and gaming-related activities. The AGLC was created in 1996 by combining the responsibilities and operations of the Alberta Liquor Control Board (ALCB), Alberta Lotteries, the Alberta Gaming Commission, Alberta Lotteries and Gaming and the Gaming Control Branch. The current Chief Executive Officer is Gerry McLennan.
Alberta Gaming and Liquor CommissionCanadian provincial alcohol departments and agenciesAlberta government departments and agencies1996 establishments in Canada
Three-tier (alcohol distribution)
The three-tier system of alcohol distribution is the system for distributing alcoholic beverages set up in the United States after the repeal of Prohibition. The three tiers are producers, distributors, and retailers. The basic premise of the system is that producers must sell only to distributors who then sell to retailers, and that only retailers may sell to consumers. Producers include brewers, wine makers, distillers and importers.
Three-tier (alcohol distribution)Alcohol law in the United StatesUnited States law
Manitoba Liquor Control Commission
The Manitoba Liquor Control Commission is a Crown Agency mandated with regulating, distributing and selling beverage alcohol in the Canadian province of Manitoba. The Liquor Control Commission of Manitoba (or MLCC, LC or The Commission as it is locally known) was established in 1923 to control the sale of alcoholic beverages in Manitoba.
Manitoba Liquor Control CommissionCanadian provincial alcohol departments and agenciesManitoba government departments and agenciesCompanies based in WinnipegCrown corporations of Manitoba
The Goddamn George Liquor Program
The Goddamn George Liquor Program is a 1997 Adobe Flash cartoon series created by John Kricfalusi and starring the animated George Liquor. Liquor was spun out to his own web-based cartoon during the days when the Spümcø studio had an online presence. Michael Pataki voiced Liquor in the series. Spümcø produced eight one-minute shorts. Premiering on October 15, 1997, The Goddamn George Liquor Program was the first cartoon series to be produced exclusively for the internet.
The Goddamn George Liquor ProgramSpümcøAnnie Award winnersAnimated internet seriesFlash cartoons
Indian Made Foreign Liquor
Indian Made Foreign Liquor (IMFL) is western-style hard liquor such as whisky, rum, vodka, etc. , manufactured in India. It is differentiated from indigenous recipes such as fenny, toddy, and arrack, which are collectively called country liquor . The term "Indian Made Foreign Liquor" is the official term used by government, business, and print media in India.
Indian Made Foreign LiquorIndian alcoholic beveragesAlcohol law in IndiaIndian beveragesIndian distilled beverages
Liquor Distribution Branch
The Liquor Distribution Branch (LDB), aka the BC Liquor Distribution Branch, is one of the two governmental bodies responsible for regulating and monitoring the liquor industry in the Canadian province of British Columbia within the Ministry of Energy and Mines, under Minister Rich Coleman. The other is the Liquor Control and Licensing Branch (LCLB). The LDB is the only organization allowed to purchase, import, and distribute alcoholic beverages in British Columbia.
Liquor Distribution BranchCanadian provincial alcohol departments and agenciesCrown corporations of British ColumbiaAlcohol monopolies
Liquor Licensing Board of Ontario
Liquor Licensing Board of Ontario was the regulatory agency responsible for issuing liquor permits and regulating the sale, service and consumption of beverage alcohol in Ontario to promote moderation and responsible use to establishment in Ontario.
Liquor Licensing Board of OntarioCanadian provincial alcohol departments and agenciesOntario government departments and agencies
Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation
The Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation controls alcoholic beverages in Nova Scotia, Canada. It is the sole distributor and runs all retail outlets selling alcohol except for four private wine specialty shops and, in rural areas where there is not an NSLC location, 23 private "agency" liquor stores. Important dates: 1930 created through the Liquor Control Act as the Nova Scotia Liquor Commission. 1946 responsibility for licensing sites selling alcolholic beverages (e.g.
Nova Scotia Liquor CorporationCanadian provincial alcohol departments and agenciesCrown corporations of Nova ScotiaAlcohol monopolies
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