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Alcoholic beverage

An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol. Alcoholic beverages are divided into three general classes: beers, wines, and spirits. They are legally consumed in most countries, and over 100 countries have laws regulating their production, sale, and consumption. In particular, such laws specify the minimum age at which a person may legally buy or drink them. This minimum age varies between 16 and 25 years, depending upon the country and the type of drink.

Alcohol Alcoholic beverages IARC Group 1 carcinogens Fermented beverages Drug culture
Distilled beverage

A distilled beverage, spirit, or liquor is an alcoholic beverage containing ethanol that is produced by distilling ethanol produced by means of fermenting grain, fruit, or vegetables. This excludes undistilled fermented beverages such as beer, wine, and cider. The term hard liquor is used in North America to distinguish distilled beverages from undistilled ones (implicitly weaker).

Distilled beverages Alcohol Distillation

In common usage, theft is the taking of another person's property without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it. The word is also used as an informal shorthand term for some crimes against property, such as burglary, embezzlement, larceny, looting, robbery, shoplifting and fraud. In some jurisdictions, theft is considered to be synonymous with larceny; in others, theft has replaced larceny.

Crimes Sins Article Feedback 5 Theft Property crimes
Alcohol intoxication

Alcohol intoxication (also known as drunkenness or inebriation) is a physiological state that occurs when a person has a high level of ethanol (alcohol) in his or her blood. Common symptoms of alcohol intoxication include slurred speech, euphoria, impaired balance, loss of muscle coordination, flushed face, vomiting, reddened eyes, reduced inhibition, and erratic behavior. In severe cases, it can cause coma or death.

Alcohol abuse Drinking culture Substance intoxication

Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. /ˈænhaɪzər ˈbʊʃ/ is an American brewing company and a wholly owned subsidiary of Anheuser-Busch InBev. The company operates 12 breweries in the United States and 18 in other countries. It was, until December 2009, also one of America's largest theme park operators; operating ten theme parks across the United States through the company's family entertainment division, Busch Entertainment Corporation. It is headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri.

Companies formerly listed on the London Stock Exchange Eclipse Award winners Companies established in 1852 Beer brewing companies based in St. Louis, Missouri Companies based in St. Louis, Missouri Historic districts in Missouri Beer and breweries in multi regions Anheuser-Busch InBev Anheuser-Busch Amusement park companies Busch family

Rum-running, also known as bootlegging, is the illegal business of transporting alcoholic beverages where such transportation is forbidden by law. Smuggling is usually done to circumvent taxation or prohibition laws within a particular jurisdiction. The term rum-running is more commonly applied to smuggling over water; bootlegging is applied to smuggling over land.

Organized crime activity Smuggling Water transport Prohibition in the United States Prohibition in Canada Prohibition Pirates
Lupe Fiasco

Wasalu Muhammad Jaco (born February 16, 1982), better known by his stage name Lupe Fiasco, is an American rapper, record producer, and entrepreneur. He rose to fame in 2006 following the success of his debut album, Lupe Fiasco's Food & Liquor. He also performs as the frontman of rock band Japanese Cartoon under his real name. As an entrepreneur, Fiasco is the chief executive officer of 1st and 15th Entertainment.

Midwest hip hop musicians 1982 births Living people African American rappers Hip hop activists Rappers from Chicago, Illinois African-American Muslims American hip hop record producers Atlantic Records artists Pseudonymous rappers African-American businesspeople

Moonshine (meaning illicit distillation, also called white lightning, mountain dew, hooch, "Tennessee white whiskey", and many other names) is an illegally produced distilled beverage. The word is believed to derive from early English smugglers and illegal Appalachian distillers who clandestinely (i.e. , by the light of the moon) produced and distributed whiskey.

Crimes Distilled beverages Illegal occupations Whisky

An excise or excise tax (sometimes called a duty of excise special tax) is commonly referred to as an inland tax on the sale, or production for sale, of specific goods; or, more narrowly, as a tax on a good produced for sale, or sold, within a country or licenses for specific activities. Excises are distinguished from customs duties, which are taxes on importation. Excises are inland taxes, whereas customs duties are border taxes.

Excise taxes

Pus is an exudate, typically white-yellow, yellow, or yellow-brown, formed at the site of inflammation during infection. An accumulation of pus in an enclosed tissue space is known as an abscess, whereas a visible collection of pus within or beneath the epidermis is known as a pustule or pimple. Pus consists of a thin, protein-rich fluid, known as liquor puris, and dead leukocytes from the body's immune response.

Medical terms Body fluids Immune system
Woolworths (supermarket)

Woolworths is the largest supermarket/grocery store chain in Australia, owned by Woolworths Limited.

Companies established in 1924 Supermarkets of Australia Woolworths Limited
Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

The Eighteenth Amendment (Amendment XVIII) of the United States Constitution established prohibition in the United States. The separate Volstead Act set down methods of enforcing the Eighteenth Amendment, and defined which "intoxicating liquors" were prohibited, and which were excluded from prohibition (e.g. , for medical and religious purposes).

1919 in the United States Prohibition in the United States Amendments to the United States Constitution United States repealed legislation 1919 in law Prohibition History of the United States (1918–1945)
Alcohol abuse

Alcohol abuse, as described in the DSM-IV, is a psychiatric diagnosis describing the recurring use of alcoholic beverages despite negative consequences. Alcohol abuse is sometimes referred to by the less specific term alcoholism. However, many definitions of alcoholism exist, and only some are compatible with alcohol abuse.

Alcohol Alcohol abuse
Alcohol proof

Alcohol proof is a measure of how much alcohol is contained in an alcoholic beverage. The term was originally used in the United Kingdom and was defined as 7/4 times the alcohol by volume (ABV). The UK now uses the ABV standard instead of alcohol proof. In the United States, alcoholic proof is defined as twice the percentage of ABV.

Alcohol measurement
Liquor store

A liquor store, bottle store, off licence, bottle shop, bottle-o, ABC store, state store, or package store is a shop that sells alcoholic beverages in packages, intended to be consumed off the store's premises.

Alcohol law Alcohol distribution retailers

Lye is a corrosive alkaline substance, commonly sodium hydroxide or historically potassium hydroxide. Previously, lye was among the many different alkalis leached from hardwood ashes. Today lye is commercially manufactured using a membrane cell method. Solid dry lye is commonly available as flakes, pellets, microbeads, and coarse powder. It is also available as solution, often dissolved in water.

Soaps Household chemicals Bases Desiccants Deliquescent substances Sodium compounds Hydroxides
Amniotic fluid

Amniotic fluid or liquor amnii is the nourishing and protecting liquid contained by the amniotic sac of a pregnant woman.

Embryology Developmental biology Pregnancy Body fluids Obstetrics
Liquor Control Board of Ontario

The Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO) is a provincial Crown corporation in Ontario, Canada established in 1927 by Lieutenant Governor William Donald Ross, on the advice of his Premier, Howard Ferguson, to sell liquor, wine, and beer through a chain of retail stores. Such sales had been banned outright in 1916; thus, the creation of the LCBO marked an easing of the province's temperance regime. LCBO stores are generally the only stores allowed to sell distilled spirits in Ontario.

Crown corporations of Ontario Alcohol monopolies Ontario government departments and agencies 1927 establishments Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies
Malt liquor

Malt liquor is a North American term referring to a type of beer with high alcohol content. In legal statutes, the term often includes any alcoholic beverage not lower than 5% alcohol by volume made with malted barley. In common parlance, however, it is used for high-alcohol beers (6-7% and more) or beer-derived mixes made with ingredients and processes resembling those in American-style lager.

Beer styles
Liquor license

A liquor license is a permit to sell alcoholic beverages.

Licenses Alcohol law
Alcoholic beverage control state

Alcoholic beverage control states, generally called control states, are 19 states in the United States that have state monopoly over the wholesaling and/or retailing of some or all categories of alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits.

Alcohol law in the United States Alcohol-related lists Alcohol monopolies
Uranium trioxide

Uranium trioxide (UO3), also called uranyl oxide, uranium(VI) oxide, and uranic oxide, is the hexavalent oxide of uranium. The solid may be obtained by heating uranyl nitrate to 400 °C. Its most commonly encountered polymorph, γ-UO3, is a yellow-orange powder.

Oxides Uranyl compounds
Long-term effects of alcohol

]] The long term effects of alcohol range from possible health benefits for low levels of alcohol consumption to severe detrimental effects in cases of chronic alcohol abuse. There is a strong correlation between 'high levels' of alcohol consumption and an increased risk of developing alcoholism, cardiovascular disease, malabsorption, chronic pancreatitis, alcoholic liver disease, and cancer.

Alcohol Alcohol abuse
Alcohol advertising

Alcohol advertising is the promotion of alcoholic beverages by alcohol producers through a variety of media. Along with tobacco advertising, it is one of the most highly-regulated forms of marketing. Some or all forms of alcohol advertising is banned in some countries. Scientific research, health agencies and universities have, over decades, been able to demonstrate a correlation between alcohol beverage advertising and alcohol consumption.

Advertising by product Alcohol Drunk driving Alcohol law
Albertsons LLC

Albertsons LLC is a North American grocery company based in Boise, Idaho, with about 200 supermarkets located in Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Florida under the Albertson's and Super Saver Foods banners. While Albertsons LLC is majority-owned by Cerberus Capital Management, the "Albertsons" name is used under license with SuperValu. Supermarket News ranked Albertsons LLC No.

Private equity portfolio companies Companies established in 2006 Supermarkets of the United States Companies based in Boise, Idaho Cerberus Capital Management companies

Baijiu, or shaojiu is a Chinese distilled alcoholic beverage. The name baijiu literally means "white liquor," "white alcohol" or "white spirits". Baijiu is often translated as "wine" or "white wine". However, it is actually a distilled liquor, generally about 40-60% alcohol by volume (ABV).

Distilled beverages Chinese alcoholic beverages
Alcohol licensing laws of the United Kingdom

Licensing laws of the United Kingdom regulate the sale and consumption of alcohol, with separate legislation for England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland being passed, as necessary, by the UK parliament, the Northern Ireland Assembly, and the Scottish Parliament respectively. Throughout the United Kingdom, the sale of alcohol is restricted—pubs, restaurants, shops and other premises must be licensed by the local authority.

Alcohol law in the United Kingdom Public houses in the United Kingdom Drinking culture
Chinese alcoholic beverages

Jiu is the Chinese as a single word (or as part of a compound word) refers to a drink or beverage containing ethanol.

Rice wine Chinese alcoholic beverages
Chocolate liquor

Chocolate liquor (cocoa liquor) is pure chocolate in its liquid form. Like the cocoa beans (nibs) from which it is produced, it contains both cocoa solids and cocoa butter in roughly equal proportion. It is produced from cocoa beans that have been fermented, dried, roasted, and separated from their skins. The beans are ground into cocoa mass (cocoa paste).

Sin tax

A sin tax is a kind of sumptuary tax: a tax specifically levied on certain generally socially proscribed goods and services, for example alcohol and tobacco, candies, soft drinks, fast foods, coffee, and gambling.

Personal taxes
Safeway (Australia)

Safeway was the trading name used by Woolworths Limited until 2008 for its supermarkets in Victoria, Australia. Elsewhere in Australia the trading name is Woolworths. In August 2008, Woolworths announced the discontinuation of the Safeway name, and has since gradually rebranded Victorian stores as Woolworths.

Companies disestablished in 2008 Defunct supermarkets Companies based in Melbourne Defunct retail companies of Australia Safeway Inc. Woolworths Limited Companies established in 1963 Supermarkets of Australia
United Voice

United Voice, formerly known as the Liquor, Hospitality and Miscellaneous Union (LHMU) (the "Missos") is a large Australian trade union, with around 130,000 members. United Voice members work in a wide range of occupations including hospitality, childcare, teachers' aides, aged care, property services (cleaning, security, maintenance etc. ), health, manufacturing, ambulance workers (in some states) and community services. The union took its new name of United Voice effective 1 March 2011.

Hospitality industry trade unions Food processing trade unions Trade unions in Australia Australian labour movement
Black liquor

In industrial chemistry, black liquor is the spent cooking liquor from the kraft process when digesting pulpwood into paper pulp removing lignin, hemicelluloses and other extractives from the wood to free the cellulose fibers. The equivalent spent cooking liquor in the sulfite process is usually called brown liquor, but the terms red liquor, thick liquor and sulfite liquor are also used.

Pulp and paper industry Biofuels Papermaking

Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board

The Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board (PLCB) is an independent government agency that manages the beverage alcohol industry in Pennsylvania. It is responsible for licensing the possession, sale, storage, transportation, importation, and manufacture of wine, spirits, and malt or brewed beverages in the Commonwealth, as well as operating a system of liquor distribution (retailing) and providing education about the harmful effects of alcohol consumption.

State agencies of Pennsylvania Government agencies established in 1933 State alcohol agencies of the United States Alcohol monopolies
Chartreuse (liqueur)

Chartreuse is a French liqueur made by the Carthusian Monks since the 1740s. It is composed of distilled alcohol aged with 130 herbal extracts. The liqueur is named after the Monks' Grande Chartreuse monastery, located in the Chartreuse Mountains in the general region of Grenoble in France. The liqueur is produced in a factory in the nearby town of Voiron. Chartreuse gives its name to the color chartreuse. It is one of the handful of liquors that continues to age and improve in the bottle.

17th-century introductions Herbal liqueurs French liqueurs Anise liqueurs and spirits
Alcohol monopoly

An alcohol monopoly is a government monopoly on manufacturing and/or retailing of some or all alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine and spirits. It can be used as an alternative for total prohibition. They exist in all Nordic countries except mainland Denmark (only on the Faroe Islands), and in all provinces and territories in Canada (except Alberta which privatized its monopoly in 1993).

Alcohol monopolies

Huangjiu (黃酒, literally "yellow" wine, liquor or alcohol) is a type of Chinese beverage brewed directly from grains such as rice, millet, or wheat using a jiuqu starter culture. Unlike baijiu, such liquors are not distilled, and contain less than 20% alcohol, due to the inhibition of fermentation by ethanol at that concentration. These wines are traditionally pasteurized, aged, and filtered before their final bottling for sale to consumers.

Types of beer Rice drinks Chinese wine Chinese alcoholic beverages Fermented beverages
Pickling (metal)

Pickling is a metal surface treatment used to remove impurities, such as stains, inorganic contaminants, rust or scale from ferrous metals, copper, and aluminum alloys. A solution called pickle liquor, which contains strong acids, is used to remove the surface impurities. It is commonly used to descale or clean steel in various steelmaking processes.

Metalworking Steelmaking
Flavored liquor

Flavored liquors (also called infused liquors) are alcoholic beverages that have added flavoring and, in some cases, a small amount of added sugar. They are distinct from liqueurs in that liqueurs have a large sugar content and may also contain glycerine. Flavored liquors may have a base of vodka or white rum, both of which have little taste of their own, or they may have a tequila or brandy base. Typically, a fruit extract and, in some cases, sugar syrup are added to the base spirit.

Distilled beverages
Korean alcoholic beverages

Korean culture has a great variety of traditional alcoholic beverages, most of which are called by the Sino-Korean term ju.

Distilled beverages Korean distilled beverages Important Intangible Cultural Properties of South Korea Fermented beverages
Oregon Liquor Control Commission

The Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) is a government agency of the U.S. state of Oregon. The OLCC was created by an act of the Oregon Legislative Assembly in 1933, days after the repeal of prohibition, as a means of providing control over the distribution, sales and consumption of alcoholic beverages. To this end, the agency was given the authority to regulate and license those who manufacture, sell or serve alcohol.

State law enforcement agencies of Oregon Article Feedback 5 Alcohol monopolies State agencies of Oregon State alcohol agencies of the United States

For Maotai wine's producer, please refer to Kweichow Moutai Company. Title=Maotai;ns=0/Main/;language:wiki=en,locale=en 165px Chinese 茅台酒 Hanyu Pinyin Máotái jiǔ Transcriptions Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin Máotái jiǔ Maotai, or Moutai (the latter spelling used by the producing company), is a Chinese liquor, or baijiu. It is produced in the town of Maotai (茅台镇), in the city of Renhuai, Guizhou province, Southwest China.

Guizhou Chinese distilled beverages
Hip flask

A hip flask is a thin flask for holding a distilled beverage; its size and shape are suited to a trouser pocket.

Packaging Drinking culture
American Whiskey Trail

The American Whiskey Trail is an initiative of the Distilled Spirits Council of the United States that promotes the history and cultural heritage of distilled beverages in the United States.

Historic trails and roads in the United States Alcohol in the United States Drinking culture

Orujo ('aguardiente' or 'caña', in Galician, and oruxu, pronounced 'orUshu' in Asturian) is the name in north-west Spain for pomace brandy (a liquor obtained from the distillation of the solid remains left after pressing of the grape). It is a transparent spirit with an alcohol content over 50%. Its name comes from the expression "aguardiente de orujo" (pomace eau-de-vie).

Spanish cuisine Spanish liqueurs
Colt 45 (malt liquor)

Colt 45 is a brand of malt liquor introduced by National Brewing Company in the spring of 1963. Through a series of mergers and acquisitions, the National Brewing Company and its brands (including Colt 45) are today owned by the Pabst Brewing Company. Colt 45 is available today in a multitude of packages and sizes. Cans are available in 12, 16 and 24 ounce packages and bottles are available in 7, 12, 16, 18, 22, 32 and 40 ounce packages.

American beer brands 1963 introductions

Fenny or Feni is a Goan Spirit made from either coconut or the juice of the cashew apple. The popular brands of fenny are 'Cashyo', 'Reals' (pronounced as Reaals), and 'Big Boss'. Goa has registered for a geographical indicator that would allow it to claim the sole right to term drink created in the region as fenny or 'Goan Cashew Feni'. Fenny is classified as a 'country liquor', and therefore not sold outside the State of Goa in India.

Goan cuisine Indian beverages
Alcohol laws of New York

The alcohol laws of New York are among the most lenient of any state in the Atlantic Northeast of the United States, but they remain considerably more restrictive than those of Louisiana, Missouri, Nevada, Illinois, New Mexico, and Arizona.

Controlled substances in New York Alcohol law in the United States New York law

Kaoliang jiu (literally "sorghum liquor"; often called simply kaoliang or sorghum wine) is a strong distilled liquor, made from fermented sorghum (which is called gāoliáng in Chinese). It is made and sold in both mainland China and Taiwan, and also popular in Korea, where it is called goryangju. Kaoliang is an important product of the islands Kinmen and Matsu which are under the jurisdiction of Taiwan. Kaoliang ranges between 38 and 63 percent alcohol by volume.

Distilled beverages Taiwanese cuisine Chinese alcoholic beverages
Chinese wine

Chinese wine Chinese alcoholic beverages
Korn (spirit)

Korn is a German colorless spirit that is usually made from fermented rye but may also be made from corn, barley, or wheat. Korn differs from vodka in that it is less rigorously filtered, which leaves more of the cereal taste in the finished spirit. Korn is the cheapest kind of spirit available in Germany, which has given it a somewhat dubious reputation. Nonetheless, it is very popular, especially in northern Germany.

Distilled beverages German cuisine German distilled beverages
Minister charged with the administration of The Liquor Control Act (Manitoba)

The Minister charged with the administration of The Liquor Control Act is a government position in the province of Manitoba, Canada. It is not a full portfolio, and has always been held by ministers with other cabinet responsibilities. The Minister responsible for the Liquor Control Act has political responsibility for overseeing the Manitoba Liquor Control Commission. The current minister is Greg Selinger.

Manitoba ministers
Corn whiskey

Corn whiskey is an American liquor made from a mash made of at least 80 percent corn. It is based on the typical American moonshine, since illicit whiskey was usually made with corn for the mash (often with some sugar), and it certainly was not aged, going straight from the still to the bottles. The whiskey is typically run off to high proof and cut to not less than 40 percent alcohol by volume.

Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission

The Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission (TABC, formerly the Texas Liquor Control Board) was created in 1935. The TABC has the task of inspecting, supervising and regulating every phase of business related to alcoholic beverages. The agency is headquartered in the 5806 Mesa Drive building in Austin. In addition to their regulatory roles, TABC agents are fully empowered state police officers with state-wide criminal jurisdiction and may make arrests for any offense. See Cortez v.

State alcohol agencies of the United States Government agencies established in 1935 State law enforcement agencies of Texas

Liquorland is an Australian liquor chain owned by Wesfarmers. Liquorland is one of three brands within Wesfarmers' Coles division. , along with fine-wine focussed Vintage Cellars and the larger discount format 1st Choice Liquor Superstore. The chain comprises 629 stores as at December 2010. Most Liquorland outlets are adjacent to or within Coles Supermarkets, except in Queensland, where legislation disallows this practice.

Coles Group Wesfarmers
Alcohol law

Alcohol laws are laws in relation to the manufacture, use, influence and sale of alcoholic beverages.

Alcohol law
Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission

The Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission (or AGLC) is an agent of the Government of the Canadian province of Alberta, and regulates alcoholic beverage and gaming-related activities. The AGLC was created in 1996 by combining the responsibilities and operations of the Alberta Liquor Control Board (ALCB), Alberta Lotteries, the Alberta Gaming Commission, Alberta Lotteries and Gaming and the Gaming Control Branch. The current Chief Executive Officer is Gerry McLennan.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Alberta government departments and agencies 1996 establishments in Canada
Crown Liquor Saloon

The Crown Liquor Saloon is a public house in Belfast, Northern Ireland, located in Great Victoria Street. Refurbished to a high standard in 1885, it is an outstanding example of a Victorian gin palace, and is one of Northern Ireland's best-known pubs.

Grade A listed buildings National Trust properties in Northern Ireland Public houses in Belfast
List of alcohol laws of the United States by state

This list of alcohol laws of the United States provides an overview of alcohol-related laws by state throughout the US. This list is not intended to provide a breakdown of such laws by local jurisdiction within a state; see that state's alcohol laws page for more detailed information. As of July 1988, all 50 states and the District of Columbia had a minimum purchase age of 21. Prior to 1988, the minimum purchase age varied by jurisdiction. Unlike on the mainland, the U.S.

Alcohol-related lists United States law-related lists States of the United States related lists State law in the United States Alcohol law in the United States
Liquor in the Front

Liquor in the Front (subtitled "Poker in the Rear") is the double entendre title of the third album by The Reverend Horton Heat. It was jointly released by Sub Pop and Interscope Records in July 1994. Al Jourgensen produced the album. The song "In Your Wildest Dreams" (along with "The Reverend" himself) was featured in a Homicide: Life on the Street episode from season four, entitled "Full Moon". Also, the song "I Can't Surf" appears in Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 3.

Interscope Records albums Reverend Horton Heat albums 1994 albums Albums produced by Al Jourgensen Sub Pop albums
George Liquor

George Liquor (often taking his epithet as George Liquor, American), most famous for his appearances on The Ren & Stimpy Show, is a cartoon character created by John Kricfalusi and is a mascot for Kricfalusi's defunct animation studio, Spümcø. Kricfalusi portrayed George Liquor as a patriotic, outspoken, politically conservative blowhard. Kricfalusi described Liquor as his favorite character to animate.

Spümcø The Ren & Stimpy Show characters Flash cartoons Fictional characters introduced in 1991
Three-tier (alcohol distribution)

The three-tier system of alcohol distribution is the system for distributing alcoholic beverages set up in the United States after the repeal of Prohibition. The three tiers are producers, distributors, and retailers. The basic premise of the system is that producers must sell only to distributors who then sell to retailers, and that only retailers may sell to consumers. Producers include brewers, wine makers, distillers and importers.

Alcohol law in the United States United States law
Chuck Knipp

Chuck Knipp (born 1961) is an American and Canadian (dual citizenship) drag queen and comedian best known for his alter egos, the characters 'Shirley Q. Liquor' and 'Betty Butterfield. ' A number of videos of Knipp's Butterfield were featured on several different YouTube accounts until 2007 when most disappeared. In mid-2009 a number of videos were reuploaded to the site, many of them new.

Living people Drag queens People from Fullerton, California 1961 births American comedians Canadian libertarians People from Orange County, Texas
Manitoba Liquor Control Commission

The Manitoba Liquor Control Commission is a Crown Agency mandated with regulating, distributing and selling beverage alcohol in the Canadian province of Manitoba. The Liquor Control Commission of Manitoba (or MLCC, LC or The Commission as it is locally known) was established in 1923 to control the sale of alcoholic beverages in Manitoba.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Manitoba government departments and agencies Companies based in Winnipeg Crown corporations of Manitoba
The Goddamn George Liquor Program

The Goddamn George Liquor Program is a 1997 Adobe Flash cartoon series created by John Kricfalusi and starring the animated George Liquor. Liquor was spun out to his own web-based cartoon during the days when the Spümcø studio had an online presence. Michael Pataki voiced Liquor in the series. Spümcø produced eight one-minute shorts. Premiering on October 15, 1997, The Goddamn George Liquor Program was the first cartoon series to be produced exclusively for the internet.

Spümcø Annie Award winners Animated internet series Flash cartoons
Indian Made Foreign Liquor

Indian Made Foreign Liquor (IMFL) is western-style hard liquor such as whisky, rum, vodka, etc. , manufactured in India. It is differentiated from indigenous recipes such as fenny, toddy, and arrack, which are collectively called country liquor . The term "Indian Made Foreign Liquor" is the official term used by government, business, and print media in India.

Indian alcoholic beverages Alcohol law in India Indian beverages Indian distilled beverages
Federated Liquor and Allied Industries Employees' Union of Australia

Federated Liquor and Allied Industries Employees' Union of Australia (FLAIEU) was an Australian trade union which existed between 1910 and 1992. It represented workers employed in hospitality, catering, breweries and alcohol retailing.

Hospitality industry trade unions Organizations established in 1910 Organizations disestablished in 1992 Former Australian trade unions
Roncarelli v. Duplessis

Roncarelli v. Duplessis, [1959 1959] S.C.R. 121, was a landmark constitutional decision of the Supreme Court of Canada where the Court held that Maurice Duplessis, the premier of Quebec, had overstepped his authority by revoking the liquor licence of a Jehovah's Witness. Justice Rand wrote in his often-quoted reasons that the unwritten constitutional principle of the "rule of law" meant no public official was above the law, that is, they could neither suspend it or dispense it.

Canadian constitutional case law Religion in Canada Canadian civil rights case law Jehovah's Witnesses legal cases 1959 in Canada Supreme Court of Canada cases Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses 1959 in case law

BWS (Beer Wine Spirits) is an Australian retail chain of liquor stores owned by Woolworths Limited. BWS began operations in June 2001 as a local neighborhood bottleshop. BWS is a brand of Woolworths Freestanding Liquor Division which also includes the Dan Murphy's brand. The Freestanding Liquor Division of Woolworths is distinguished from Woolworths Liquor and Safeway Liquor stores, in that it stands alone from Supermarkets.

Retail companies of Australia Companies based in Sydney Woolworths Limited
State Management Scheme

The State Management Scheme (known locally as 'The Scheme') saw the UK government take over and run the brewing, distribution and sale of liquor in three regions of the UK from 1916 until 1973. The main centre was the Carlisle and District scheme, which was near to the armament factories that were founded in 1916 supplying explosive and shells to the British Army during the First World War. There were initially three schemes, Carlisle & Gretna, Cromarty Firth and Enfield.

Carlisle, Cumbria Former nationalised industries of the United Kingdom History of the Scottish Highlands History of Dumfries and Galloway History of Enfield 1916 establishments in the United Kingdom Ross and Cromarty
Liquor Distribution Branch

The Liquor Distribution Branch (LDB), aka the BC Liquor Distribution Branch, is one of the two governmental bodies responsible for regulating and monitoring the liquor industry in the Canadian province of British Columbia within the Ministry of Energy and Mines, under Minister Rich Coleman. The other is the Liquor Control and Licensing Branch (LCLB). The LDB is the only organization allowed to purchase, import, and distribute alcoholic beverages in British Columbia.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Crown corporations of British Columbia Alcohol monopolies
Liquor Licensing Board of Ontario

Liquor Licensing Board of Ontario was the regulatory agency responsible for issuing liquor permits and regulating the sale, service and consumption of beverage alcohol in Ontario to promote moderation and responsible use to establishment in Ontario.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Ontario government departments and agencies
Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation

The Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation controls alcoholic beverages in Nova Scotia, Canada. It is the sole distributor and runs all retail outlets selling alcohol except for four private wine specialty shops and, in rural areas where there is not an NSLC location, 23 private "agency" liquor stores. Important dates: 1930 created through the Liquor Control Act as the Nova Scotia Liquor Commission. 1946 responsibility for licensing sites selling alcolholic beverages (e.g.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Crown corporations of Nova Scotia Alcohol monopolies
Guaro (drink)

This page is about the drink, for other uses, see Guaro Guaro is the name of a kind of liquor in many places in South and Central America. It is a clear liquor made from sugar cane, and has a slightly sweeter taste than comparable liquors. Guaro is a popular alcoholic drink in Mexico, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, Honduras, Guatemala, although in many places the word "guaro" can refer to almost any liquor.

Distilled beverages
Liquor and Poker Music

Liquor and Poker Music is an American rock record label based in Hawthorne, California. Bands on the label are generally in the punk, stoner rock and metal genres.

Alternative rock record labels American record labels
California Retail Liquor Dealers Association v. Midcal Aluminum, Inc.

In California Retail Liquor Dealers Assn. v. Midcal Aluminum, Inc. , the United States Supreme Court created a two-part test for the application of the state action immunity doctrine that it had previously developed in Parker v. Brown. Content adapted from the case syllabus at http://www. altlaw. org/cite/445+U.S.+97, which is in the public domain.

United States state sovereign immunity case law United States antitrust case law 1980 in United States case law United States Twenty-first Amendment case law United States Supreme Court cases
Taiwan Tobacco and Liquor Corporation

Taiwan Tobacco and Liquor Corporation (TTL; 台灣菸酒公司) is a state-owned manufacturer and distributor of cigarettes and alcohol in Taiwan. Its most famous product is Taiwan Beer. Other products include wine, Japanese-style liqueurs, Chinese herb liqueurs, and various distilled spirits. TTL was established as a government agency during Japanese colonial rule and was renamed the Taiwan Tobacco and Wine Monopoly Bureau (菸酒公賣局) in 1947.

Companies of Taiwan Taiwan brands Tobacco in Taiwan Beer and breweries in Taiwan Companies based in Taipei
1st Choice Liquor Superstore

1st Choice Liquor Superstore is a group of liquor superstores in Australia owned by Wesfarmers, and competes principally with the Woolworths-owned Dan Murphy's chain. 1st Choice Liquor Superstores grew out of the former Quaffers brand, and sits alongside Liquorland and Vintage Cellars, Wesfarmers' other liquor brands. The first store was opened in May 2005 at Tooronga Village Shopping Centre in Melbourne.


Washington State Liquor Control Board

The Washington State Liquor Control Board is an administrative agency of the State of Washington. The Liquor Control Board is part of the executive branch and reports to the Governor. The Board holds a monopoly on the distribution of hard liquor because Washington is a control state. The Retail and Product Services Division operates all wholesale distribution and most retail sales of liquor.

State law enforcement agencies of Washington (state) State alcohol agencies of the United States
Chacha (brandy)

Chacha is traditionally a clear strong liquor, which is sometimes called "vine vodka," "grape vodka," or "Georgian vodka. " Chacha is made of grape pomace (grape residue left after making wine). The term chach is used in Georgia to refer to any type of moonshine made of fruits, though it most commonly refers to grape distillate. It may be also produced from non-ripe or non-cultured grapes. Other common fruits used are figs, tangerines, oranges, or mulberries.

Brandies Cuisine of Georgia (country)
Corn steep liquor

Corn steep liquor is a by-product of corn wet-milling. It is an important constituent of some growth media. It was used in the culturing of Penicillium during research into penicillin, by American microbiologist Andrew J. Moyer. It is an excellent source of organic nitrogen. .

Maize products
Yukon Jack (liqueur)

Yukon Jack is a honey-based Canadian whiskey advertised as the "Black sheep of Canadian Liquors". It is a 100 proof (in USA) or 80 proof (in Canada) drink. Yukon Jack is produced by Heublein Inc. In 1987 Heublein Inc. was bought out by Diageo. Yukon Jack is made in Valleyfield, Quebec. Bottles available for sale in the US are imported and then bottled in Hartford, Connecticut.

Canadian whisky Diageo brands Honey liqueurs and spirits Canadian alcoholic beverages
Liquor Licence Act (Ontario)

The Liquor Licence Act of Ontario is a provincial act in Ontario dealing with licensing and possession of alcohol. In most cases the act impacts eateries requiring a licence to serve alcohol. The origins of this act lie in the Prohibition period when alcohol was deemed illegal.

Alcohol law in Canada Ontario provincial legislation
United States House Committee on Alcoholic Liquor Traffic

The Committee on Alcoholic Liquor Traffic was a standing committee of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1893 to 1927. It was preceded by a select committee formed in 1879 during the 46th Congress.

Defunct committees of the United States House of Representatives
Mother liquor

A mother liquor is the part of a solution that is left over after crystallization. It is encountered in chemical processes including sugar refining. In crystallization, a solid (usually impure) is dissolved in a solvent at high temperature, taking advantage of the fact that most solids' solubilities are higher at higher temperatures. As the solution cools, the solubility of the solute in the solvent will gradually become smaller.

Separation processes

Mickey's is a malt liquor made by the Miller Brewing Company. It has an alcohol content of 5.6% by volume. Mickey's is widely known for its unique beehive-shaped, wide-mouthed 12 ounce bottle, often called a "grenade" due to its circular waffle design. The original packaging included Irish iconography with shamrocks, castle towers and an arm holding a mace. Current packaging is more neutral, but still green, with an illustrated hornet icon on the cap.

American beer brands
Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority

The Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority (or SLGA) is a Treasury Board Crown Corporation responsible for the distribution, control and regulation of alcoholic beverages and most gambling in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It runs the government monopoly on liquor sales and gambling in Saskatchewan. Its head office is in Regina. It distributes liquor to its 80 stores and approximately 190 franchise operators from a distribution centre in Regina.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Crown corporations of Saskatchewan Companies based in Regina, Saskatchewan Alcohol monopolies
Alcoholic beverages in Canada

This article covers various topics involving alcoholic beverages in Canada.

Alcohol in Canada
Sodium arsenate

Sodium arsenate is the inorganic compound with the formula NaH2AsO4H2O. Related salts are also called sodium arsenate, including Na2HAsO4 and Na3AsO4. This particular salt is a colorless solid that is highly toxic. The potassium salt has similar properties. The salt is the conjugate base of arsenic acid: H3AsO4 15px H2AsO−4 + H (K1 = 10) It is prepared in this way and crystallized by cooling a hot saturated aqueous solution, where it is highly soluble when hot (75.3 g in 100 mL at 100 °C).

Sodium compounds Arsenates
Newfoundland and Labrador Liquor Corporation

The Newfoundland and Labrador Liquor Corporation is a provincial crown corporation of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is responsible for managing the importation, sale and distribution of beverage alcohol within the province. The name is officially abbreviated NLC despite the recent addition of the reference to Labrador in the full name. The Corporation's headquarters is on Kenmount Road in St. John's.

Crown corporations of Newfoundland and Labrador Distilleries in Canada Alcohol monopolies Companies based in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies
Committee of Fifty (1893)

for others with the same name, see Committee of Fifty The Committee of Fifty was formed in 1893 by a group of American businessmen and scholars to investigate problems associated with the use and abuse of alcoholic beverages. The committee was chaired by prominent New York City lawyer Joseph Larocque, and included figures such as the leading physiologist of the time, Harvard's Henry Pickering Bowditch, and educator, Progressive reformer, and future mayor of New York City, Seth Low.

Think tanks based in the United States Alcohol in the United States
New Brunswick Liquor Corporation

The New Brunswick Liquor Corporation (or Alcool NB Liquor, ANBL) is a provincial Crown corporation of the Canadian province of New Brunswick, and is responsible for the purchase, importation, distribution, and retail activity for all beverage alcohol in the Province. Alcool NB Liquor (ANBL) is directed by a seven member Board of Directors. Decisions and directions from the Board are guided by section 6(3) of the New Brunswick Liquor Corporation Act.

Government agencies established in 1976 Crown corporations of New Brunswick Companies based in Fredericton Alcohol monopolies Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies
Alberta liquor plebiscite, 1957

The 1957 Alberta Liquor Plebiscite was the fourth province-wide plebiscite conducted in Alberta, Canada, and it was held on October 30, 1957. Unlike the other three plebiscites held in Alberta, the 1957 vote was not held in conjunction with a provincial election. At the time, the Alberta Liquor Control Board operated only a few stores from which liquor could be legally purchased. The plebiscite asked voters in every district if they were in favour of adding extra ALCB outlets.

Alcohol law in Canada 1957 elections in Canada Referendums in Alberta 1957 referendums
CUPE v. New Brunswick Liquor Corp.

CUPE v. New Brunswick Liquor Corp. , [1979 1979] 2 SCR 227 is a leading case decided by the Supreme Court of Canada. This case first developed the patent unreasonableness standard of review in Canadian administrative law.

1979 in case law Canadian administrative case law Labour relations in Canada Supreme Court of Canada cases 1979 in Canada
Alcohol laws of Utah

The alcohol laws of Utah regulate the selling and purchasing of alcohol in the United States state of Utah. A person must be 21 years old to buy or consume alcohol. The Utah Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control (UDABC) has regulated the sale of alcoholic beverages since 1935, two years after the end of prohibition. Utah is one of 18 control states, meaning the state has a monopoly over the wholesaling and/or retailing of some or all categories of alcoholic beverages.

Utah law Utah society Alcohol law in the United States
Alcohol industry

The alcohol industry is a term used to describe the commercial industry which is involved in the manufacturer, distribution and sale of alcohol. The industry has been criticised in the 1990s for deflecting attention away from the problems associated with alcohol use. The alcohol industry has also been criticised for being unhelpful in reducing the harm of alcohol.

Alcohol abuse Business Drinking culture
New South Wales Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing

New South Wales Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing, an agency of the New South Wales Government, is a division within the Department of Trade and Investment, Regional Infrastructure and Services responsible for the development, implementation and integrity of the overall regulatory framework across alcohol, licensed clubs, charitable fundraising and gambling activities in New South Wales. The agency reports to the Minister for Tourism, Major Events, Hospitality and Racing, presently the Hon.

Government agencies of New South Wales
New Hampshire Liquor Commission

The New Hampshire Liquor Commission regulates the sale of alcoholic beverages in the state of New Hampshire, one of eighteen so-called alcoholic beverage control states. The commission is composed of three commissioners: Joseph W. Mollica (Chairman since 2010), Mark M. Bodi, and Michael R. Milligan. The term of commissioners is six years, and no more than two commissioners may belong to the same political party.

State alcohol agencies of the United States State agencies of New Hampshire
Rượu đế

Liquor law

White liquor

White liquor is a strongly alkaline solution used in the first stage of the Kraft process in which lignin and hemicellulose are separated from the cellulose fiber in Kraft process for the production of pulp. It is called white liquor due to the white opaque colour.

Virginia Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control

The Virginia Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC) is a state public safety agency providing control, service, revenue and a wide range of services to residents and localities throughout the Commonwealth. Three board members who are appointed by the Governor head the department. As one of 18 “control states” across the U.S. , ABC is charged with safely and responsibly administering the sale, distribution and consumption of alcoholic beverages.

1934 establishments State alcohol agencies of the United States State law enforcement agencies of Virginia
Collard liquor

Collard liquor, also known as pot liquor, sometimes spelled potlikker or pot likker is the liquid that is left behind after boiling greens; it is sometimes seasoned with salt, pork or turkey. Pot liquor contains essential vitamins and minerals including iron and Vitamin C. Especially important is that it contains a lot of Vitamin K, which aids in blood clotting. Former Senator and Governor of Georgia Zell Miller wrote a defense of the traditional spelling 'potlikker' to the New York Times.

Soups Cuisine of the Southern United States
Liquor Control and Licensing Branch

The Liquor Control and Licensing Branch is part of the government of British Columbia, within the Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General. It is responsible for issuing liquor licenses in the province and for enforcing the provisions of the Liquor Control and Licensing Act. British Columbia's government also has a separate Liquor Distribution Branch, which is responsible for operating the province's monopoly on the sale of alcoholic beverages.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies British Columbia government departments and agencies
Love and Liquor

Love and Liquor (Burmese: မေတ္တာနှင့်သူရာ; Myitta Hnint Thuyar) is a 1920 Burmese silent film directed by Ohn Maung, written by P Moe Nin and starring Nyi Pu. It was the first Burmese feature film, and the day it premiered, October 13, 1920, is commemorated annually as Myanmar Movie Day.

Burmese films Black-and-white films 1920s drama films 1920 films Silent films
Liquor Party

The Liquor Party is a political party in Sweden that concentrates on healthcare issues in the area of too much drinking and the bad effects of alcohol. It regards itself as cross-political single-issue party. It was founded in 2009 by actor Benny Haag. The party ran in the Swedish general election, 2010 on September 19 and gained 237 votes becoming the eleventh biggest party outside the parliament.

Political parties established in 2009 2009 establishments in Sweden Political parties in Sweden
King Cobra (malt liquor)

Ramazzotti (liqueur)

Ramazzotti is a medium style Amaro (Italian potable bitters), bottled at 30% alcohol by volume. It is bottled in Milan by Pernod Ricard.

Italian liqueurs
New Zealand licensing hours referendum, 1949

A referendum on the hours for the sale of liquor in hotel bars was held in New Zealand on 9 March 1949. Voters were asked whether they favoured continuing the closing of hotel bars at 6 pm or extending the closing time to 10 pm. The change was rejected by 75.5% of voters. This referendum voted to continue six o'clock closing of hotel bars, which had been introduced in 1917, and the six o'clock swill. The Sale of Liquor referendum, 1967 approved the extension of hotel hours.

1949 elections in Oceania 1949 referendums Referendums in New Zealand 1949 in New Zealand
List of national liquors

This is a list of national liquors. A national liquor is an alcoholic drink considered a standard and respected adult beverage in a given country. While many such drinks status may be informal, there is usually a general consensus in a given country that a specific drink has national status or is the "most popular liquor" in said nation. This list is distinct from national drinks which include non-alcoholic beverages. Argentina: Wine Australia: Beer (V.

Alcoholic beverages
Alcohol laws of Australia

Alcohol laws of Australia regulate the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages (in Australia also referred to as liquor). The laws vary between the states and territories of Australia.

Alcohol law in Australia Alcohol law by country
Maui County Department of Liquor Control

The Department of Liquor Control is a Maui County agency which regulates and enforces state and county laws regarding the manufacture, importation, sale and consumption of intoxicating liquors.

Local government in Hawaii Maui County, Hawaii
New Zealand licensing hours referendum, 1967

A referendum on the hours for the sale of liquor in hotel bars was held in New Zealand on 23 September 1967. Voters were asked whether they favoured continuing the closing of hotel bars at 6 pm or later closing, the actual hours of sale to be decided according to local conditions. The change was favoured by 64.5% of voters. This referendum voted to abolish six o’clock closing of hotel bars and the six o’clock swill.

1967 referendums Referendums in New Zealand 1967 elections in Oceania 1967 in New Zealand
Rio Hotel Ltd. v. New Brunswick (Liquor Licensing Board)

Rio Hotel Ltd. v. New Brunswick (Liquor Licensing Board) [1987 1987] 2 S.C.R. 59 is a leading Supreme Court of Canada decision on the Constitution's criminal law power. The Court held that, despite overlapping with valid federal law, the provincial law that restricted the amount of nudity in bars was constitutionally valid.

Supreme Court of Canada cases 1987 in Canada Canadian federalism case law 1987 in case law
Chartreuse (liquor)

Private Stock (malt liquor)

Haffenreffer Private Stock (commonly referred to as Private Stock, P-Stock, Green Lightning, Heffy's, Haffen-Wrecker or The Golden Cap) is a brand of malt liquor formerly manufactured by the Falstaff Brewing Company and currently manufactured by the Miller Brewing Company. It is known for its tagline "The malt liquor with the imported taste".

American beer brands Falstaff Brewing Corporation brands
I taste a liquor never brewed

"I taste a liquor never brewed" is a poem written by American writer Emily Dickinson. Dickinson never titled the poem (known as #214), so it is commonly referred to by its first line. The speaker in Emily Dickinson’s “I taste a liquor never brewed” is describing a mystical state that she experiences through her soul awareness; the state is so overwhelmingly uplifting that she feels as if she had become intoxicated by drinking alcohol.

Poetry by Emily Dickinson American poems
Idaho State Liquor Dispensary

The Idaho State Liquor Division is an agency of the government of the state of Idaho that maintains a monopoly on the sale of all alcoholic beverages which exceed 16% alcohol by volume. The current director of the Division is Jeff Anderson, who was appointed to the office in 2010 by Gov. Butch Otter. Director Anderson is also the Director of the Idaho Lottery Division.

State agencies of Idaho State alcohol agencies of the United States Alcohol monopolies
Big Bear (malt liquor)

Big Bear is a malt liquor distributed by the Pabst Brewing Company. Its alcohol content varies depending on location, from 5.7% and 7.5% abv in and 7.0% and 8.0% in Canada. It is typically sold in 40 ounce bottles.

Pabst Brewing Company
Clix Malt Liquor

Clix is a brand of malt liquor made by the Grand Valley Brewing Company in 1937. It is often credited as the first malt liquor brewed in the United States. At Gluek Brewing in Cold Spring, Minnesota, Alvin Gluek had a similar idea in 1942. The style is light in body, thin and sweetish in taste, and high in alcohol. Brewery owner 'Click' Koerber is the creator of the process and owner of the patent that details the production of Clix malt liquor.

American beer brands
Green liquor

Green liquor is the dissolved smelt of sodium carbonate and sodium sulfide from the recovery boiler in the kraft process. Although the color of such a solution is indeed green, no literature sources were found to explain what specific compounds are responsible for this color. The green liquor is usually reacted with lime (CaO) in the causticizing stage to regenerate white liquor. Alternatively, green liquor can be used prior to white liquor to extract some hemicellulose.

Canadian liquor plebiscite, 1920

The Canadian Liquor Plebiscite was held on October 25, 1920 in the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan under the Canada Temperance Act and the Dominion Elections Act. The Canada Temperance Act, also known as the Scott Act, allowed provincial and municipal jurisdictions to formulate their own legislation regarding alcohol consumption based upon the results of a plebiscite. The results could not be challenged for at least three years.

1920 elections in Canada 1920 referendums Referendums in Canada Alcohol law in Canada Prohibition in Canada Referendums in Alberta
Corn liquor

Licor 43

Licor 43, or Cuarenta Y (i) Tres (Spanish and Papiamentu for "43"), is a bright yellow Spanish liqueur. It is made from citrus and fruit juices, flavored with vanilla and other aromatic herbs and spices, in total 43 different ingredients (hence the name). The story behind Licor 43 dates back to the time of the Romans. After having conquered the city of Quart Hadas, they discovered liquor made from a combination of citrus fruits and aromatic plants.

Culture of Curaçao Region of Murcia Spanish liqueurs
Kinmen Kaoliang Liquor (basketball)

Kinmen Kaoliang Liquor, the previous team name was ETTV Antelopes (東森羚羊). In 2008, Kinmen Kaoliang Liquor Inc. took over the team from ETTV and adopted the new team name, it is now officially sponsored by Kinmen Kaoliang Liquor. Kinmen Kaoliang Liquor is one of the basketball teams that plays in the Super Basketball League (SBL), which is the professional basketball game in Taiwan.

Super Basketball League Basketball in Taiwan Basketball clubs established in 2003
Human liquor

Human liquor means waste content from bowels isolated to investigate specific enzymes and peptidases involved in enteric contraction and digestion of compounds. P-endopeptidase isolated from human liquor inactivates tachykinins. Hydrolysis of Substance P by P-endopeptidase yields the active fragment of substance P. A neuroactive peptide, Substance P is found throughout the central and peripheral nervous system. It has mostly been studied for its contractive effect on enteric musculature.


Duftwein (Chinese Guihua jiu or Guihua chenjiu) is a Chinese wine produced from white wine, possibly sugar, and osmanthus flower flavoring. The most frequently used flowers are those from the Osmanthus fragrans shrub or small tree which is found in East Asia.

Chinese wine
Liquor Licensing Board of Hong Kong

Liquor Licensing Board of Hong Kong is the licensing body of the sale of alcohol in Hong Kong. The board consists of a chair and 10 appointed board members. The agency under the jurisdiction of Food and Environmental Hygiene Department of the Government of Hong Kong. Laws enforced by the LLB include: Dutiable Commodities Ordinance, Cap 109 Dutible Commodities (Liquor) Regulations

Alcohol law in Hong Kong Hong Kong government departments and agencies
Arizona Department of Liquor Licenses and Control

The Department of Liquor Licenses and Control is an Arizona state agency responsible for reviewing state liquor applications and issuing renewal licenses. In Arizona, there are 17 different license categories – airplanes, trains, watercraft, restaurants, liquor stores and other retailers, hotels, bars, distillers, distributors, and special events.

State alcohol agencies of the United States State agencies of Arizona
Division of Liquor Control (Ohio)

The Division of Liquor Control, part of the Ohio Department of Commerce, controls alcohol manufacturing, distribution and sales within the U.S. state of Ohio. Liquor is sold through businesses in Ohio known as contract liquor agencies. The agency also controls the issuance of permits to all businesses manufacturing, distributing, and selling alcoholic beverages. Rae Ann Estep is the current superintendent of this state agency.

State alcohol agencies of the United States
Montgomery County Department of Liquor Control

The Department of Liquor Control is a government agency within the County of Montgomery, Maryland and holds monopoly on the sale of certain alcoholic beverage throughout the county's 507-square-mile (1,310 km) radius. It is one of four counties in Maryland designated as an Alcohol Beverage Control County, the other ABC Control counties being Somerset, Worcester and Wicomico.

Montgomery County, Maryland Alcohol monopolies
Nunavut Liquor Commission

The Nunavut Liquor Commission regulates the distribution, purchase and sale of alcoholic beverages in the Canadian Territory of Nunavut. The retail arms is referred to as Nunavut Liquor Management. It is the smallest and newest liquor control agency in Canada. The Agency came into existence as a result of the creation of Nunavut and transfer of the liquor control under the territory's own Liquor Act.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Government agencies established in 1999 Companies based in Nunavut Alcohol monopolies
Iowa Alcoholic Beverages Division

The Iowa Alcoholic Beverages Division is the alcoholic beverage control authority for the U.S. state of Iowa. Since March 8, 1934, it has regulated the traffic in, and maintained a monopoly on the wholesaling of, alcoholic beverages in the state, thus making Iowa an alcoholic beverage control state. In fiscal year 2010, the Division generated nearly $100 million for the state of Iowa, representing nearly 2% of the state's total revenue.

State agencies of Iowa State alcohol agencies of the United States Ankeny, Iowa
Brown Derby (company)

The Brown Derby is a chain of liquor stores located in and around Springfield, Missouri. The first Brown Derby was opened in Springfield in 1937 by John A. Morris. The Brown Derby is famous for being the first retail location for fishing lures and other fishing accessories sold by John L. Morris, the son of the Brown Derby's founder, and the future propriertor of the Springfield, MO based Bass Pro Shop. John L.

Companies based in Springfield, Missouri Privately held companies based in Missouri Alcohol distribution retailers Companies established in 1937
Northwest Territories Liquor Commission

The Northwest Territories Liquor Corporation regulates the distribution, purchase and sale of alcoholic beverages in the Northwest Territories. The Corporation came into existence as a result of amendments to the Liquor Act. It currently has contracts for the operation of six liquor stores and two warehouses with local operators. The liquor commission enforces limits placed by the communities of Fort Simpson and Norman Wells on liquor sales.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Companies established in 1983 Companies based in the Northwest Territories Alcohol monopolies
Vermont Department of Liquor Control

The Department of Liquor Control is a department of the Vermont state government responsible for purchasing, distributing, and selling distilled spirits through its agency stores and enforcing Vermont's alcohol and tobacco statutes, with a strong emphasis on limiting youth access.

State agencies of Vermont State alcohol agencies of the United States Alcohol monopolies
1981 Karnataka liquor deaths

1981 Karnataka liquor deaths are deaths in Karnataka state in India in 1981 by consuming illegal liquor. In July 1981 about 308 people died in Bangalore by illicit liquor. Adulteration of cheap liquor by methyl alcohol resulted in deaths.

Alcohol-related deaths in India Deaths by alcohol poisoning 1981 in India
Toxic liquor tragedies in India

This is a list of major toxic liquor tragedies in India.

Alcohol-related deaths in India Deaths by alcohol poisoning Alcohol abuse India-related lists
Lupe Fiasco's Food and Liquor

1992 Orissa liquor deaths

The 1992 Orissa liquor deaths took place in May 1992 in Cuttack, Orissa State, India. More than 200 people died after drinking illegally brewed poisonous liquor; another 600 people were hospitalised. It was one of the biggest tragedies of its kind in India. Since the tragedy, several women's organisations in the state have demanded total prohibition on the sale and manufacture of liquor.

Cuttack Deaths by alcohol poisoning Alcohol-related deaths in India 1992 in India History of Orissa
City and County of Honolulu Liquor Commission

The Liquor Commission is a City and County of Honolulu agency which regulates and enforces state, county and local laws regarding the manufacture, importation, sale and consumption of intoxicating liquors.

Local government in Hawaii State alcohol agencies of the United States
Kauai County Department of Liquor Control

Illinois Liquor Control Commission

The Liquor Control Commission is an Illinois state government commission, with four divisions. The Licensing Division is responsible for reviewing state liquor applications and issuing new and renewal state liquor licenses. There are 28 different license categories - including airplanes, trains, liquor stores, non-beverage users, out-of-state distributors, special events, non-resident dealers, national and foreign licensing, and brand registration.

State law enforcement agencies of Illinois State alcohol agencies of the United States
Group Against Liquor Advertising

The Group Against Liquor Advertising (GALA) is a non-profit group in New Zealand who believe that advertising alcohol leads to increased consumption (as compared to changing brand loyalties). It is not a prohibitionist group.

Alcohol in New Zealand Temperance organizations
Maine Liquor Licensing and Compliance Division

The Liquor Licensing and Compliance Division is a division of the Maine State Police, responsible for licensing the manufacture, importation, storage, transportation and sale of all liquor. The Division also administers laws relating to licensing and the collection of taxes on malt liquor and wine.

State agencies of Maine State alcohol agencies of the United States
Mossy Liquor

Mossy Liquor is the title of a vinyl LP released by Robyn Hitchcock in 1996. The album preceded the release of the Moss Elixir CD by a few weeks, and half of it was made up of demos or alternative versions of the Moss Elixir material.

Robyn Hitchcock albums 1996 albums Demo albums
Prince Edward Island Liquor Control Commission

The Prince Edward Island Liquor Control Commission is a provincial Crown corporation that controls the purchase, distribution and sale of alcoholic beverages in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. The commission operates nineteen retail liquor stores as well as a central warehouse and distribution center in Charlottetown. The commission had $69 million in gross sales during 2006.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Crown corporations of Prince Edward Island 1918 establishments in Canada Alcohol monopolies
Office of Liquor and Gaming Regulation

The Office of Liquor and Gaming Regulation is an agency of the Queensland Government's Department of Justice and Attorney-General responsible for the regulatory framework surrounding alcohol, licensed premises, charitable fundraising and gambling conducted within Queensland. The Minister responsible for Liquor and Gaming in the Queensland Parliament is the Honourable Paul Lucas MP, Deputy Premier, Attorney-General, Minister for Local Government and Special Minister of State.

Government agencies of Queensland
DaveCo Liquor Store

DaveCo is a liquor store in Thornton, Colorado that has been named by the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest liquor store in the world. DaveCo became the center of news coverage when the Colorado state government threatened to shut it down due to violations of State liquor laws in early 2010.

Thornton, Colorado
Connecticut Liquor Division

The Connecticut Liquor Division is a Connecticut state government agency responsible for enforcing Title 30 (The Connecticut Liquor Control Act) and its corresponding regulations, and serves as the primary investigative arm of the Connecticut Liquor Control Commission.

State alcohol agencies of the United States State agencies of Connecticut
Canadian Provincial Liquor Cards

Liquor control agencies in some Canadian provinces have produced Age of Majority ID cards to facilitate the purchase of alcohol by Canadian adults. Some still produce these cards, although there acceptibility is limited and their purpose has been mostly surplanted by other forms of ID, such as Provincial photo cards for non drivers.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies
Clam liquor

Clam liquor, also called clam extract, is a liquid extracted during cooking and opening of clams. Undiluted it is called clam broth, and when concentrated by evaporation is called clam nectar. It may be canned in all these forms or used to fill up canned clam meat.

Edible molluscs Food ingredients
Icariine Liquor

Icariine Liquor is an alcoholic drink that contains icarii, or herba epidemii. The liquor is available in Korea, as a bottled 30% alcohol beverage product, on the North Korean government-sponsored portal Naenara.

Premixed alcoholic beverages Korean alcoholic beverages
Laser (malt liquor)

Laser is a brand of malt liquor manufactured by the Miller Brewing Company and Falstaff Brewing Company. The beverage contains 5.9% alcohol by volume. In 1997, Falstaff won a silver medal at the Great American Beer Festival for Laser Malt Liquor.

American beer brands Falstaff Brewing Corporation brands
Liquor Licensing Board (Nunavut)

The Liquor Licensing Board is an agency of the government of the Canadian territory of Nunavut. The first chairman of the board was Goo Arlooktoo, of Iqaluit, who had been a member of the Northwest Territories legislative assembly and was deputy premier for four years. The current minister responsible for the board is the Minister for Justice, Daniel Shewchuk.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Nunavut government departments and agencies
Alberta liquor plebiscite, 1915

The 1915 Alberta liquor plebiscite was held on July 21, 1915 to ask Albertans to vote on ratifying the new liquor act. The vote was the first province wide referendum held under the Direct Plebiscite Act. It would be the first of three province wide plebiscites related to liquor in Alberta.

Alcohol law in Canada 1915 elections in Canada Referendums in Alberta Prohibition in Canada
Hard Liquor, Soft Music

Hard Liqur, Soft Music is an album by The Blackeyed Susans, recorded in late 1993 by Rob Snarski, Phil Kakulas and Graham Lee as The Blackeyed Susans Trio.

1994 albums The Blackeyed Susans albums
Lupe Fiasco's Food & Liquor

Lupe Fiasco's Food & Liquor, commonly referred to as Food & Liquor, is the debut studio album by American recording artist Lupe Fiasco, released on September 19, 2006, on 1st & 15th Entertainment and Atlantic Records. The album features production from The Neptunes, Kanye West, Mike Shinoda, Craig Kallman, Prolyfic, Needlz, Soundtrakk, and Brandon Howard. Jay-Z, Chill, and Fiasco himself are credited as the executive producers for the album.

Albums produced by The Neptunes Albums produced by Mike Shinoda English-language albums Lupe Fiasco albums Albums produced by Needlz Atlantic Records albums Albums produced by Kanye West 2006 debut albums
Liquor Licensing Board (Northwest Territories)

The Liquor Licensing Board is an agency of the government of Northwest Territories, Canada. The board regulates the conduct of licensees, the management and equipment of licensed premises, and the conditions under which liquor may be sold or consumed. In April 2004, chairman John Simpson stepped down, claiming that the territorial government had not supported the board's work. http://www. cbc. ca/north/story/nwt-liquorboardquit31032004. html

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Government of the Northwest Territories
Liquor (novel)

Liquor is Poppy Z. Brite's first novel in the liquor novels, which revolves around the two young chefs Rickey and G-man, their restaurant and their life in New Orleans. It's been released in the United States on March 16, 2004.

2004 novels Novels by Poppy Z. Brite Novels set in New Orleans, Louisiana
Liquor Store Blues

"Liquor Store Blues" is a song by american singer-songwriter Bruno Mars. The song was released a a promotional single from his debut studio album, Doo-Wops & Hooligans. He wrote the song with production team The Smeezingtons and Damian Marley, who also lent his vocals to the song. A music video was made available on YouTube on the day of release.

2010 songs Songs produced by The Smeezingtons Bruno Mars songs Songs written by Bruno Mars
Chinese Liquor Making Sites

Various locations of liquor making in the People's Republic of China served to facilitate some local cultural forms into flourishing, such as literature, calligraphy and music. The collection of liquor making locations is being considered to be put on the World Heritage list of sites who have "outstanding universal value" to the world.

Cultural Sites on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List
Colorado Liquor Enforcement Division

The Colorado Liquor Enforcement Division (or Division of Liquor/Tobacco Enforcement) is a division of the Colorado Department of Revenue, an agency charged with the regulation of alcoholic beverages within the state of Colorado.

State alcohol agencies of the United States State law enforcement agencies of Colorado
YiSheng liquor

YiSheng Liquor is a type of liquor.

Chinese alcoholic beverages
Yukon Liquor Corporation

The Yukon Liquor Corporation regulates the distribution, purchase and sale of alcoholic beverages in the Canadian territory of Yukon. The Corporation came into existence in 1977 as a result of amendments to the Liquor Act. It currently operates six liquor stores and a central facility in Whitehorse.

Canadian provincial alcohol departments and agencies Companies based in Yukon Companies established in 1977 Alcohol monopolies

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PlantAngiospermsEudicotsRosidsFabalesFabaceaeFaboideaeGalegeaeGlycyrrhizaCarl LinnaeusL.WaldstKitGlycyrrhiza glabra - MHNTMHNTlegumeanisestar anisefennelOld FrenchGreek languageGreekPedanius DioscoridesDioscorides?????????MarathiG. glabraLiquoriceDescriptionherbaceousperennial plantperennialpinnateleafleavesflowerinflorescencefruitpodseedstoloniferousChemistryanetholeglycyrrhizinsugarisoflaveneglabreneglabridinphytoestrogenCultivation and usesautumnM&F WorldwideTobaccotobaccocigarettesnuff (tobacco)snuffchewing tobaccopipe tobaccoFood and candyLiquorice (confectionery)candies or sweetsaniseedEuropean UnionmenthamintmentholBay Laurellaurelammonium chloridesalty liquoricesaltyScandinaviaPontefractYorkshirePontefract cakeRievaulx AbbeyThirskCalabrialiqueurSyriaEgyptexpectorantMedicineGlycyrrhizinatopic dermatitishyperlipidaemiahyperpigmentationneurodegenerative disordersdental cariestuberculosisFolk medicinetraditional Chinese medicineMeridian (Chinese medicine)regular meridiansToxicitycorticosteroidenoxolonecortisoloedemahypokalaemiahypertensionFood and Drug AdministrationGalleryReferencesExternal linksMedlineNational Institutes of HealthChemical & Engineering NewsBreckenridge, Coloradoretailalcoholic beveragebottleBostonalcohol monopolyliquor storebottle store,off licence,bottle shop,African statesSouth AfricaNamibiaZimbabweUnited Kingdom and IrelandUnited KingdomRepublic of IrelandIrelandoff licenceon-licenceBar (establishment)barspubrestaurantOceaniaAustraliaStates of AustraliastateAustralian pubsDrinking establishmentsDrive-throughVictoria (Australia)VictoriaAustralian Capital Territorysupermarketsconvenience storesNew ZealandDistilled beverageSpiritwhiskybrandyrumginvodkaNordic countriesDenmarkmonopolymonopoliesFaroe IslandsFinlandalcohol by volumeAlkoIcelandNorwayVinmonopoletSwedenSystembolagetBulgariaCroatiaCyprusCzech RepublicEstoniaFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaNetherlandsPolandPortugalSlovakiaSloveniaUnited StatesCottonwood Heights, UtahSalem, MassachusettsTwenty-first AmendmentUnited States ConstitutionU.S. statedistilled beveragespiritswinebeerAlabamaConnecticutGeorgia (U.S. state)GeorgiaMassachusettsMore